Tier 1

Tier 1 is the foundation...
...for all activities in the school that involve student and adult behavior.

The school-wide expectations are the core curriculum for the behavioral and social/emotional supports used in all settings and for all tiers of instruction. They provide the common language and consistency that lead to:

  • Positive school climate,
  • Improved attendance,
  • Increases in student achievement,
  • Decreases in staff turnover, and
  • A reduced need for more intensive supports.

Tier 1 supports the practices you’d like to see

Tier 1 PBIS encompasses strategies that support student and staff behavior. This includes:

For Students
elementary students looking at laptop
For Faculty & Staff
educators around a table holding books and working together

Teaching behaviors in the setting they will be used

Providing time, materials, guidelines and accountability for delivering lesson plans and student recognition

Providing praise and other forms of recognition when students demonstrate school-wide expectations

Providing praise and other forms of recognition when faculty & staff implement Tier 1 with fidelity

Being consistent when addressing challenging behavior, while taking developmental norms and behavioral function into account

Involving faculty, staff, families and students in the development of behavior definitions and possible consequences

Providing refresher lessons and targeted recognition throughout the school year so skills are ready and likely to be used when students need them

Using data and stakeholder perspectives to prepare relevant lesson plans and recognition strategies; and
Providing regular professional development on the school’s Tier 1 system so that staff are aware of school-wide patterns and preferred responses

Asking students and their families for their perspectives on school climate, instruction, rewards, and discipline so improvements in Tier 1 may be made

Asking staff for their perspectives on school climate, instruction, rewards and discipline so improvements in Tier 1 may be made


Tier 1 is tailored to fit each school’s unique characteristics

The Tier 1 PBIS team holds the responsibility for maintaining a responsive Tier 1 system. This representative group gathers ideas from other stakeholders to ensure that Tier 1 strategies will be relevant and practical, and reviews disaggregated data to identify priorities for implementation. Existing programs and curricula are adapted to include the school-wide expectations, and to ensure the content resonates with students from different cultural backgrounds.


Tier 1 may be expanded in schools with higher-risk populations

When schools are challenged by intensive student needs, Tier 1 provides a way to get more support to more students. This may include spending more time on Tier 1 behavioral instruction, planning more frequent reward/recognition initiatives, integrating academic instruction, restorative practices, trauma-informed care, or mental health supports into the curriculum, or changing how Tier 1 is delivered to ensure students benefit from implementation.


Tier 1 Resources

The resources below provide tools for building and enhancing a school’s Tier 1 system, additional information about special issues related to Tier 1 implementation, and examples of strategies and resources used by other schools. 

Resources for the Tier 1 PBIS team are located on our school-level coaching page, and readiness packets for the FLPBIS Tier 1 training may be found here.